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During the period November 2017 to May 2018 the INZEM team, consisting of three senior engineers, Paul Acchione M Eng, P Eng, FCAE; Peter Ottensmeyer B A Sc, Ph D, FRSC; and Charles Rhodes M A Sc, Ph D, P Eng, collectively with about 150 years of complementary relevant work experience in energy related matters, developed the Integrated Zero Emission (INZEM) Energy plan for completely replacing Canadian fossil fuel supplied energy with non-fossil energy by the year 2070. At the heart of this plan are essential public policy changes relating to public education, proper pricing of electricity, nuclear reactor safety, recycling of spent nuclear reactor fuel and elimination of nuclear waste.

This plan involves efficient integration of: renewable energy generation, nuclear energy generation, electricity transmission and distribution, energy storage, district heating, electrolytic hydrogen and synthetic liquid fuels. This plan requires immediate ceasing of investment in new fossil fuel infrastructure to prevent that infrastructure becoming a stranded asset.

May 28, 2018 photos of the INZEM Team members consisting of from top left to right: Paul Acchione; Peter Ottensmeyer; Charles Rhodes.

The Integrated Zero Emission (INZEM) plan for economically eliminating CO2 emissions from energy production is described in the:
INZEM Energy 2 Minute Video (CanInfra)
INZEM Energy 2 Minute Video (Google Drive)
INZEM Energy 2 Minute Video (YouTube)
INZEM Energy 2 Minute Video (Xylene)

The script for a 5 minute INZEM presentation is available at:
INZEM 5 minute presentation script
and the supporting slides for that presentation are at:
INZEM slides for 5 minute presentation in ppt format
INZEM slides for 5 minute presentation in pptx format

The INZEM 5 minute video is available at:
INZEM Energy 5 Minute Video (You Tube)
INZEM Energy 5 Minute Video (CanInfra).
For further information relating to these videos and supporting slides please contact:

Quantitative details relating to INZEM are contained on the
2 Page INZEM Handout
and at:
2 Page INZEM Handout
and on the
10 page INZEM Energy Slide Set
and on the
18 inch X 24 inch Sugar Cube Poster
or on the
24 inch X 36 inch Sugar Cube Poster
For further information relating to the Handout, Slides and Posters please contact Paul Acchione at

In addition to renewable energy generation INZEM relies on the new technologies:
For further information relating to these new technologies please contact Charles Rhodes at

1) Do not use fossil carbon either for energy production or as a component of construction material exposed to sunlight (eg asphalt driveways, asphalt shingles).

2) Recycle all plastic resin refuse.

3) Price non-fossil electricity to correctly recover both the marginal cost of supplying monthly uninterruptible peak power (kWe) and the marginal cost of supplying additional energy (kWhe) with no increase in monthly peak power. The end user cost of a non-fossil interruptible electrical kWhe must be less than the end user cost of a competitive fossil fuel supplied thermal kWht. The remaining electricity revenue requirement must be met via the charge per monthly uninterruptible peak kWe. The time period over which the monthly peak kWe is calculated and the precise manner of calculation must be specified. Typically this time period is in the range 5 minutes to 2 hours. Typically the 90% step response time is in the range 15 minutes to 4.5 hours.

4) Use non-fossil interruptible electricity for production of electrolytic hydrogen.

5) Locate the hydrogen producing electrolysers where the waste heat can be used to advantage (biomass drying on farms and forest plantations, heating of large buildings).

6) Use the electrolytic hydrogen gas either directly as an energy source or as a feedstock to produce synthetic liquid fuels such as methanol and ammonia.

7) Transport the methanol to a refinery to upgrade it into aircraft fuel.

8) Use the abundant fertile isotopes Th-232 and U-238 as nuclear fuels.

9) Via neutron capture transmute Th-232 and U-238 into the fissile isotopes U-233 and Pu-239. Then use the fissile isotopes in a nuclear chain reaction to obtain energy and fission products.

10) Design the equipment to prevent formation of the long lived low atomic weight isotopes (C-14, Cl-36, Ca-41, Ni-59).

11) Use non-aqueous fuel reprocessing to recover the newly formed fissile isotope atoms.

12) Recycle nuclear fuel by separation of the low atomic weight fission products from the high atomic weight fuel elements.

13) Use a dry chloride process to selectively extract zirconium from the low atomic weight fission products.

14) Blend extracted zirconium with the separated high atomic weight fuel elements to form new fast neutron reactor fuel rods.

15) Safely store the remaining fission product chlorides for 300 years in water tight porcelain containers to allow natural decay of the short lived radio isotopes.

16) Use distributed small modular fast neutron reactors to to meet the electricity and heat base loads while minimizing electricity and heat transmission distances.

17) The use of small modules enables rapid equipment installation and repair by module replacement.

18) The use of fast neutron reactors prevents formation of long lived spent fuel waste.

19) Deliver heat via district heating systems.

20) Realize seasonal energy storage via: hydroelectric storage dams, storage of compressed hydrogen gas in salt caverns and storage of synthetic liquid hydrocarbons on tank farms.

21) Transport bulk hydrogen by compounding it with toluene to form methyl cyclohexane. Reverse this reaction to recover the hydrogen gas.

22) Use IESO dispatch control of hydrogen production and combustion turbo-generation to follow short term unconstrained grid generation and load changes without curtailment of non-fossil generation.

Michael Shellenberger and James Hansen Nuclear Power? Are Renewables Enough?

This web page last updated September 19, 2018.

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